Widespread Anti-Viral Medication Can Cease HIV Transmission From Mom To Youngster

There may be at all times a threat of HIV-positive moms passing the an infection to their kids. However a brand new examine has discovered that widespread antiviral medication can virtually fully cease this transmission.

The examine, revealed within the journal The Lancet HIV, was carried out by researchers from Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. The examine confirmed there was lower than a 2% probability of a mom on antiviral remedy passing on the HIV an infection to her kids.

The examine gained extra significance because it was in a position to cut back transmission charges even in a low-income nation with a excessive HIV incidence akin to Tanzania.

“HIV transmission from mom to youngster can in precept be stopped fully with fashionable antiviral medication. However up to now it has not been demonstrated in low-income nations in Africa with a excessive incidence of HIV an infection,” first writer, Goodluck Willey Lyatuu, doctor and postdoctoral researcher on the Division of International Public Well being at Karolinska Institutet, stated, reported MedicalXpress.

The findings present a shot within the arm for the World Well being Group’s aim of fully stopping the transmission of HIV an infection from mom to youngster.

UNAIDS, a UN group, says that the possibilities of kids born to HIV-positive moms in Tanzania, on account of an infection within the womb, throughout childbirth, or by way of breast milk, is 11%. The brand new examine lowers the estimate considerably.

The researchers adopted greater than 13,000 HIV-positive, pregnant ladies, in certainly one of Africa’s largest cities, Dar es Salaam, in Tanzania. These ladies have been on antiviral remedy as a part of maternity care between 2015 and 2017.

The ladies and the kids have been adopted for 18 months after start, a time when a lot of the moms had stopped breastfeeding. Surprisingly, solely 159 kids have been discovered to be contaminated with the virus.

Factoring within the margin error, this roughly interprets to a threat of only one.4%.

“It is likely one of the largest cohort research revealed from Africa on the chance of HIV transmission from mom to youngster the place the infant is adopted till the top of the breastfeeding interval,” co-author, Anna Mia Ekström, medical professor on the Division of International Public Well being at Karolinska Institutet, stated, based on the outlet.

The chance of an infection was not evenly distributed. It was greater than double in ladies who acquired remedy late in being pregnant or have been at superior levels of HIV. In the identical approach, the chance of an infection was discovered to be simply 0.9% in ladies who had already acquired the remedy once they grew to become pregnant.

Whereas the general possibilities of an infection have been discovered to be minimal, Anna Mia Ekström warned that “it’s nonetheless essential to enhance early HIV analysis, optimize follow-up measures, and supply specialist assist to younger moms.”

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